Conference in UNESCO – Technology and education in developing countries

Francesc Pedro, chief of section at Section for Teacher Development and Education at UNESCO talked about the urgent need for education in developing countries:

  • 61 million children is not in primary school
  • 1,7 million additional teachers is needed in the world
  • 775 million is illiterate and two thirds are women.

He said that technology can foster education development and transformation but there is a need for a holistic policy environment. Technology in education is like a swiss knife. It can be usefull in many ways but you can also harm yourself on it if you are not carefull.

He means that pedagogy is the key for success. UNESCO has one objective. Teachers need to be empowered to facilitate:

  • more learning
  • better learning
  • different learning

There are four pillars:

1. Policies. Technology policies contextualised in realistic education policies.
2. Teachers. Teacher training institutions need to be willing to transform.
3. Mobile learning. This is a windows of opportunity now
4. OER. Use of it can promote innovation.

There are a lot of challenges in developing countries:

    • Affordability
    • Capacity
    • Inclusion
    • Content
    • Quality assurance
    • Monitoring and assessment
    • Complexity of the policy environment

What works? There are three requiments:

    • Access
    • Usability
    • Utility

The best example of success so far is in system and school management.

To succed there are three things that is needed to get with technology in education

  • Engagement
  • Convenience
  • Productivity

The work UNESCO do in mobile learning is presented on the UNESCO homepage


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